Kaikōura marine environment interest groups
The sea is very important to many people for different reasons in Kaikōura. These people can be put into groups:
- commercial fishing
- recreational fishing
- customary fishing
- research and education
There is a need to manage how these groups work within the marine environment.
Before the November 2016 earthquake, many of these groups had been worried about the marine environment. After nine years of work and discussion, a marine strategy was agreed on.
The Kaikōura Marine Management Act 2014
The Kaikōura (Te Tai-ō-Marokura) Marine Management Bill was signed into law as an Act of Parliament on Wednesday 6 August 2014. The Act created a way to manage the coast and sea around Kaikōura (Te Tai-ō-Marokura). It included:
- a marine reserve
- whale and New Zealand fur seal sanctuaries
- five customary fisheries areas
- an advisory committee
- fishing rules for the area.
Role of Te Korowai o Te Tai ō Marokura
Te Korowai o Te Tai ō Marokura (The Kaikōura Marine Guardians) is an advisory committee for Te Whata Kai o Rakihouia i Te Tai ō Marokura/Kaikōura Marine Area. Its members come from a wide range of groups. They all share an interest in the coast and sea around Kaikōura.
- Find out more about the five marine protection and fisheries areas for guardianship in this Ministry of Primary Industries booklet.
- The Department of Conservation map of the Kaikōura Marine Management area shows how the marine reserve is managed.
Te Korowai works with all groups to look after the marine environment. Now, more than ever, it is important that this group effort continues post-earthquake.
- Find out more about Te Korowai o Te Tai ō Marokura: www.teamkorowai.org.nz https://www.facebook.com/TKoTToM/
Earthquake damage to the Marine Coastal Area
The November 2016 earthquake caused different amounts of uplift along the coast. Large amounts of marine species were left high and dry because of this uplift, such as:
- shellfish in general
- inshore finfish
- kelp forest
- microalgae systems like ‘coraline algae’ (pink paint).
Jason Ruawai, a representative on Te Korowai o Te Tai ō Marokura and Chair of the Pāua Fishery Group, has been very involved in the marine management of the area.
“The obvious mortality of the life living in the environment is a tragic consequence of the uplift, but it is only a snapshot of what that area had been producing over history. Now, in terms of biodiversity, we still have all the same species but there is less habitat for them to occupy. We need to manage our impact to this environment carefully over the next years.”
- The environmental impact of the earthquake to this marine environment is well captured on the TV3 documentary Ocean Bounty (Season 2, episode 1) https://www.threenow.co.nz/shows/ocean-bounty/season-2-ep-1/S1247-430/M2...
The marine ecosystem will never be the same. But research is showing that it is bouncing back for some species. NIWA found signs of recovery in the Kaikōura Canyon seabed 10 months after the earthquake. Kaikōura High School students are learning about guardianship of the ecosystem through a programme to monitor and reseed pāua stocks.
- Read the article on page 14 of Seafood New Zealand magazine about how students from Kaikōura High School are helping out with pāua stock recovery - https://www.seafood.org.nz/fileadmin/documents/SNZ_Magazine/SNZ_Magazine...