Very accurate clock which uses the known properties of certain atoms to record time.
River or stream.
The number and variety of living things found within a region. From the two words 'biological' and 'diversity'.
The protection against pests and diseases.
Maps which show who owns land.
The process of drawing or making maps.
Angular or linear values that give the position of a point on a map.
Legal agreements to do with land use.
cultural heritage area
A place that represents our history and our identity.
A set of values used to define a specific geodetic system e.g. MSL - Mean Sea Level.
The process of calculating your current position by using a known position, or fix, and working out your new position based on known or estimated speeds over the elapsed time and course.
Collecting seeds close to where they are to be planted. It means the plants will be suited to local conditions and more likely to survive. By using ecosourced native plants you will help maintain the area's unique local characteristics.
A community of living things and the environment in which they live.
The height above mean sea level.
Unique to a place an not found anywhere else.
All the external factors influencing the life and activities of people, plants, and animals e.g. other animals and plants, water, soils, weather, daylight.
Process of wearing away and transporting of rocks by wind, rain or ice.
Animal life in general.
Plant life in general.
In navigation a fix is a position which is found by using known reference points and measuring from these.
A datum which is based on the Earth's centre of mass. The advantage of the geocentric datum is its direct compatibility with satellite-based navigation systems such as GPS.
To do with location.
Data or information about the location of specific things.
Global Positioning System - uses the known distance between satellites to calculate exact locations.
Geographic Information Systems - maps that combine sets of information.
A place where plants and animals live.
A Māori philosophy of health involving the physical, mental and emotional, social, and spiritual dimensions of well-being.
A survey which records the physical features of waterways.
The science of measuring and describing the physical features of waterways.
Services such as roads and water systems.
Sometimes called triangulation. Where the known angles and distance between points is used to calculate the location of a distant point.
Species that is not native and that has arrived through human activity.
Distance from the equator in degrees, shown as horizontal lines on a map.
Distance east or west from Greenwich, England, in degrees shown as vertical lines on a map.
Naturally found in a location, but may be found in more than one country.
How an organism makes a living. It describes things such as an organism's life history, its habitat, its position in a food chain and food web and its geographic range. No two species can occupy the same niche in the same environment for a long time.
The process or activity of accurately working out your position and planning and following a route.
Animals that hunt and kill other animals for food.
An animal or plant that is harmful to people or the environment.
An object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, altitude, direction, or speed of objects such as aircraft.
Helping something that has been damaged, degraded, or destroyed.
Relating to the countryside.
Objects which are sent into space to orbit the Earth and send and receive information.
Satellite-based augmentation system (SBAS) is a navigation system used to improve the accuracy of GPS.
Material, originally suspended in a liquid, that settles at the bottom of the liquid when it is left standing for a long time. Material eroded from rocks that is transported by water, wind, or ice and deposited elsewhere.
Animals of the same type. The members of the same species are able to interbreed and produce fertile offspring.
Ecosystem stressors are physical, chemical, and biological factors that impact the health and function of ecosystems. Stressors can be natural, such as storms and fires or caused by people, such as climate change and pollution.
People who specialise in making accurate measurements on the surface of the earth to make maps.
Using natural resources without destroying the ecological balance of an area.
The surface and physical features or an area of land.
An optical instrument used by surveyors to measure angles to give exact locations of distant points.
The shape of the Earth's surface.
Shows the shape of the surface, including altitude as well as natural and physical features - sometimes called a contour map.
A type of maths that measures the angles and sides of triangles and uses this information and set formula to find the unknown sides and angles. This type of maths can also be used to find the location of distant points.