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Saving our southern species glossary

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Medical drugs used to kill bacteria and treat infections.

A medicine used to reduce inflammation or swelling

River or stream

Very small (single-cell) organisms.

The number and variety of living things found within a region. From the two words 'biological' and 'diversity'.

An illness which affects people, animals, or plants, for example one which is caused by bacteria or infection.

Unique to a place an not found anywhere else.

A community of living things and the environment in which they live.

All the external factors influencing the life and activities of people, plants, and animals e.g. other animals and plants, water, soils, weather, daylight.

Animal life in general. flora Plant life in general.

food chain
An arrangement of organisms in a community according to which organism is eaten or eats another. Food chains always start with a plant (or plants).

food web
A system of food chains linked to one another. habitat The home or surroundings of an organism e.g. river.

Set of closely related species (plural = genera).

The natural home of a plant or animal.

introduced species
A plant or animal that has been brought by people to an area where it did not naturally live.

Any animal that does not have a spinal cord at any stage of its life such as worms, insects, spiders, crustaceans and molluscs.

Microscopic organism. native Naturally found in a location, but may be found in more than one country.

How an organism makes a living. It describes things such as an organism's life history, its habitat, its position in a food chain and food web and its geographic range. No two species can occupy the same niche in the same environment for a long time.

An individual form of life, such as a plant, animal, bacterium, protist or fungus.

All the members of a species living in the same area and able to breed together.

An animal that kills or eats other animals.

To help a patient to live a normal life again.

Situated or taking place along or near the bank of a river.

Animals of the same type. The members of the same species are able to interbreed and produce fertile offspring.

Ecosystem stressors are physical, chemical, and biological factors that impact the health and function of ecosystems. Stressors can be natural, such as storms and fires or caused by people, such as climate change and pollution.

Using natural resources without destroying the ecological balance of an area. urbanisation The development and modification of a once natural landscape for human settlement.

The process of quickly examining sick or injured patients so that those who are in the most serious condition can be treated first.

A type of radiation that can pass through most solid materials. X-rays are used by doctors to examine the bones or organs inside a body.