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Safety Around Trains

Trains in New Zealand
Moving Freight

Trains are one of the safest ways to travel. To stay safe around trains you need to follow all signs and always give way to trains.

The safest way to travel

Statistically trains are the safest way for people to travel in New Zealand and throughout the world. The railway is also a safe way to transport goods around the country. Trains can cause harm if people do not follow the warning signs and give way to trains at all times.

Trains have right of way

You can be fined for failing to give way to trains and other railway vehicles. Trains always have right of way over vehicles and pedestrians. If you don't follow warning signs and cross in front of a train, the train driver will record your details and pass them on to Police.

Trains are frequent

Trains can travel at any time of the day or night. Expect a train at any time and always check the railway line is clear of trains before crossing.

Trains are heavy

A freight train is heavy and can weigh up to a thousand tonnes.

Trains are fast

Trains can travel up to 100kms an hour. It is difficult for people to judge the speed of trains. If you see a train coming, you should wait for it to pass, no matter how far away you think it is.

Trains can’t swerve or stop

Because trains are heavy and fast, they cannot stop in a hurry. In fact, a freight train can take up to a kilometre to stop. A train sits on rails and cannot swerve to miss an object that may be on the tracks. This is why a motor vehicle must always give way to a train or other railway vehicle.

Trains can be quiet

You may not hear an electric train coming so need to take care at rail crossings and train stations.

Safety Tips

  • Trains have right of way.
  • Only cross railway tracks at proper crossings.
  • Stop, look and listen for trains – remove headphones, pocket your phone and hold on to your belongings.
  • Take notice of the signs, lights and bells – wait for the bells to stop before crossing.
  • Never walk along the railway tracks.
  • Remember to look both ways at a rail crossing – if there are two tracks, there could be two trains.

Staying safe around electric trains

  • Remember electric trains are very quiet and you may not hear them coming.
  • Stay well clear of overhead electric train lines.
  • The wires for Auckland electric trains carry 25,000 volts.That’s around 100 times more powerful than your power at home.
  • The wires for Wellington electric trains carry 1,500 volts. That’s about 6 times as powerful as the electricity in your home.
  • Never touch electric overhead lines or throw objects at them. Electricity can pass through objects and you can be electrocuted without touching the overhead wires.

When catching the train

  • Always use marked paths, overpasses and official crossings to enter and leave a station, or when changing from one platform to another.
  • Only step over the yellow safety line when the train has stopped.
  • Never try to catch a moving train.
  • Let people off the train before you get on.
  • When getting on to the train, mind the gap between the train and the platform.
  • Once on the train keep clear of the doors.
  • Put your bag under the seat or hold on to it.
  • Give up your seat for older passengers.

When using any form of transport, it is important to consider others and show respect.

Ready for a quiz? Try the 'Safety Around Trains' activity.

Audio Māori keywords: 

What do you need to do to stay safe around trains in the area where you live?

Trains have right of way. Always look both ways for trains and only cross rail lines at official crossings. Image: TrackSAFE.

Trains travel fast and cannot stop quickly. This is why cars and pedestrians must always give way to trains. Image: TrackSAFE.

The rail corridor is private property and people are not allowed to cross rail lines or walk on rail lines. Image: TrackSAFE.

The overhead wires for the Auckland Metro Link train service carry 25,000 volts so it's important to stay well clear of these lines. Image: TrackSAFE.

Accidents at level crossings can be avoided if people always look for trains and give them right of way. Image: TrackSAFE.

Trains in New Zealand
Moving Freight